A bone mineral density test is a reliable, non-invasive and painless test to measure the density, or thickness, of your bones.
The test measures the amount of mineral (calcium) in a specific area of bone. Greater amounts of bone mineral indicate greater bone density or bone mass.
Bone mineral density testing is recommended for the following individuals:
The standardized method for measuring bone density is dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) of the hip and spine. It is a quick and easy test. It is not necessary to undress as long as you have no buttons, zippers or snaps on your clothing from your chest to your thigh. You simply lie on a table while a fast, painless low-dose X-ray is taken. Nothing is injected or swallowed.
Metal and electronic devices such as watches, jewelry, cellular phones, and credit cards must be removed before the exam. Inform the technologist if you have a recent radiology procedure for which you received an injection or ingested barium.